Primary infertility describes couples who have never been able to become pregnant after at least 1 year of unprotected sex (intercourse).
If you and your partner are having trouble getting pregnant, you are not alone. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine estimates there are 6.1 million people dealing with infertility in the United States -- that's roughly 10% of those trying to conceive. Fortunately, there are many tests and procedures that can identify and treat the causes of infertility.
When couples seek help for infertility, they discover a wide array of available tests and treatments. While the thought of surgery can be frightening, reproductive surgery is one of the many options that we now have to help attain pregnancy.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common hormone abnormality of reproductive-aged women, occurring in up to 10% of such individuals. It is characterized by overproduction of the androgen testosterone, menstrual abnormalities when ovulation does not occur and enlarged ovaries containing multiple small follicles (polycystic ovaries). Video: PCOS Awareness Symposium »
Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that behaves like the cells lining the uterus (endometrium) grows in other areas of the body, causing pain, irregular bleeding, and possible infertility.